Original description as Mollienesia velifera:
- Regan, Charles Tate. 1914. "Description of a new cyprinodont fish of the genus Mollienisia from Yucatan". Annals and Magazine of Natural History. 13(75):338 (ffm00024)
Conservation: Poecilia velifera is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (VU) vulnerable (2019).