Original description as Poeciliopsis prolifica:
- Miller, Robert Rush. 1960. "Four new species of viviparous fishes, genus Poeciliopsis, from northwestern Mexico". Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan. (619):1-11 (ffm00030)
Conservation: Poeciliopsis prolifica is not evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species.