Original description as Heros urophthalmus:
- Günther, Albert C. L. G. 1862. "Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Acanthopterygii, Pharyngognathi and Anacanthini in the collection of the British Museum". Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. 4; i-xxi + 1-534 (ffm00035)
Conservation: Mayaheros urophthalmus is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (LC) least concern (2018). The species is widely distributed and can be locally abundant. It is also tolerant of wide environmental variations and can use diverse trophic resources (Schmitter-Soto et al., 2019).