Original description as Heros melanurus:
- Günther, Albert C. L. G. 1862. "Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Acanthopterygii, Pharyngognathi and Anacanthini in the collection of the British Museum". Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. Vol 4; i-xxi + 1-534 (ffm00035)
- Heros melanopogon Steindachner, 1864, with type locality at Central America. Determiner: Regan, 1905
Conservation: Vieja melanurus is not evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species. Vieja melanurus remains stable in most of its range.