Original description as Notropis xanthicara:
- Minckley, Wendell L & G.L. Lytle. 1969. "Notropis xanthicara, a new cyprinid fish from the Cuatro Cienegas basin, north-central Mexico". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 82:491-502 (ffm00120)
Conservation: Cyprinella xanthicara is not evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species.