Original description as Chirostoma aculeatum:
- Barbour, Clyde D.. 1973. "The systematics and evolution of the genus Chirostoma Swainson (Pisces, Atherinidae)". Tulane Studies in Zoology and Botany. v. 18(n. 3), pp. 97-141 (ffm00514)
Conservation: Chirostoma aculeatum is evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species as (CR) critically endangered (2018).