Original description as Cyprinodon parvus:
- Baird, Spencer F.. 1855. "Report on the fishes observed on the coast of New Jersey and Long Island during the summer of 1854". Smithsonian Institution Annual Report. 9:317-352 (ffm00210)
- Limia venusta Girard, 1858, with type locality at Indianola, Texas, U.S.A. Determiner: Hubbs et al., 1965
- Lucania affinis Girard, 1859, with type locality at Matamoros, Mexico. Determiner: Castro-Aguirre et al., 1999
Conservation: Lucania parva is not evaluated by the international union for the conservation of nature in the iucn red list of threatened species.